Alcohol 120% + [ KEYGEN]

Alcohol 120%, is a powerful Windows CD and DVD burning software that makes it easy to create backups of DVDs* and CDs. In addition, the program lets you store your most used CDs as images on your computer, so you can call them up at the click of a button. Now includes Pre-Mastering function and support for Blu-ray format.
Alcohol brings new meaning to the word multimedia! It is without a doubt a leader in its class, bringing the ability to emulate and record CDs and DVDs together into one amazingly easy to use software program. Now includes Alcohol Xtra. A unique Pre-Mastering function. Using the latest technology the program is constantly being developed and improved to add new features, allowing it to maintain it's position as a leading software package. Imagine being able to store your most used CDs as images on your computer and just call them up at the click of a button!
Store your most used or important CDs as images on your computer and run them at 200x speed from up to 31 virtual CD or DVD drives. Alcohol is compatible with more than 99% of drives available. It supports the latest image file types including - MDS, CCD, BIN, CUE, ISO, CDI, BWT, BWI, BWS, BWA and many more.

Home users make backup copies of their game CDs and movie DVDs*, allowing the kids to treat multimedia disks roughly, without destroying their value.

Librarians and school administrators use Alcohol 120% burning software to archive their institutions' collections of recordable media, protecting themselves against the daily wear and tear that damages discs.

Business users use Alcohol 120% burning software to make duplicate backup copies of software titles, ensuring that they will continue to have access to their licensed software, even if their physical CDs become damaged and unusable.
With Alcohol 120% burning software, you no longer have to worry about CDs or DVDs* getting lost, stolen, or damaged. Duplicate discs work just like the originals, and your entire collection can be archived safely.

• Alcohol 120% enables you to make a duplicate back-up to recordable media of nearly all your expensive Game/Software/DVD titles, and/or an image that can be mounted and run from any one of Alcohol's virtual drives.
• No other software available enables you to create up to a staggering 31 virtual drives, allowing you to run your game images at over 200x faster than from a conventional CD-ROM. Alcohol 120% is a powerful utility that uses a unique combination of options to ensure a perfect back-up every time.
• All you need is a PC combined with a CD or a DVD burner. No more replacing your expensive original discs due to loss, theft, scratches, or other media imperfections. Your duplicate works just like the original; your entire collection can be archived and your investment protected.
• In the home: Have you had experiences with the common conditions of CDs/DVDs? They can easily get scratched, damaged, broken, lost or even stolen. Alcohol provides you with peace of mind and protects your investment.
• Your original games/program discs can be safely stored away. Alcohol-created images mean that you always have your expensive media stored safely on your hard drive for instant retrieval at the click of a button. No more searching for the correct game disc or software application install disc, everything is at your fingertips.
• You can now, for instance, simultaneously play your favourite game and bring up your route planner without having to eject and reload any physical discs, The 31 virtual drive ability of Alcohol means you can have the equivalent of a staggering 31 CD-ROM drives in your Home PC, all instantly accessible. You can simply and quickly run your Disc image at around 200 times faster than that of a conventional CD-ROM drive. If you need a program or CD it is immediately there - always ready to use!
• At the office: Program discs and many other applications generally require the original disc to be in the computer's CD-ROM drive. This restricts the amount of people in your office who can have access to the same software at the same time without the cost of additional discs. Alcohol's virtual drives resolve that problem for you. No more hunting around the offices for that elusive disc you need to run your application, everything you require is just a click away.
• With Alcohol you can store your CD images on your office server, your colleagues and employees at their respective networked workstations will never need to come asking for a CD again, they will not even require an expensive CD-ROM drive installed in their workstation PC! A simple click is all that is required for them to have full access to any disc image they require for their day to day work. Your valuable CDs can be safely kept under lock and key.
• Does your company have a promotional CD for it's customers? Original pressed discs are expensive, using the Alcohol 120% writing engine you can copy the original to inexpensive blank discs for distribution to your customers and keep your overheads down.
• Alcohol software offers unrivalled usage to people from all walks of life regardless of if you are a hardened game player, busy school teacher, salesman, IT manager, student etc. Alcohol has a niche in all your everyday computer needs. Let Alcohol help you to help yourselves and give you the peace of mind you deserve when it comes to expensive PC media.

Supported OS: Intel/AMD based PC with Windows 2000/XP/Server 2003/08/R2/XP Professional x64 Edition/Server 2003/08/R2 x64/Vista/Windows 7/ 32x and 64x operating system.

Changes in version, 2010-09-17:
- FIX Xtra Wizard Window Opening Problem.
- UPDATE Drive support updated.

Homepage :


Download Link :




Adobe Photoshop CS5 Extended + SERIAL = FULL VERSION

Other Adobe CS5 's Product Included HERE
Perangkat lunak Adobe Photoshop CS5 Extended membantu Anda membuat gambar akhir untuk print, web, dan video. Dapatkan semua alat editing seni, composite, kemampuan melukis di peralatan Photoshop CS5 ditambah alat yang memungkinkan Anda membuat dan mengedit gambar 3D dan gerakan berbasis konten.

What's new in Photoshop CS5 Extended:

Adobe Photoshop CS5 Extended software delivers breakthrough capabilities for superior image selections, image retouching, realistic painting, and 3D extrusions. Experience 64-bit support for fast performance as well as dozens of time-savers throughout your workflow.

Go beyond traditional digital imaging. Easily select intricate image elements, such as hair. See space fill in almost magically when you remove image elements. Create 3D logos and artwork by easily extruding text and other 2D graphics.

Extraordinary painting effects
Achieve natural and realistic painting effects with the Mixer Brush, which offers on-canvas color blending; Bristle Tips, which let you create lifelike, textured brush strokes; an onscreen color picker; and more.

Content-Aware Fill
Remove any image detail or object and watch as Content-Aware Fill magically fills in the space left behind. This breakthrough technology matches lighting, tone, and noise so it looks as if the removed content never existed.

Complex selections made easy
Easily select intricate image elements, such as hair, for refinements, compositing, or placing in layout. Eliminate background color around selection edges, and automatically vary selection edges and perfect masks using new refinement tools.

Puppet Warp
Precisely warp or stretch graphics, text, or image elements to create unique new looks for your designs.

Superior HDR imaging
Create photo-realistic or surreal HDR images with unprecedented speed, control, and accuracy. Get better-than-ever results thanks to automatic ghost removal and greater control with tone mapping and adjustments, and even give single-exposure photos the look of HDR.

Efficient workflow
Enjoy productivity and creativity boosts thanks to dozens of features and enhancements requested by Photoshop users. Straighten images automatically, choose colors from an onscreen color picker, adjust the opacity of many layers at once, and more.

Better media management
Easily manage media with more flexible batch renaming, and access your assets in the context of what you're working on by using the customizable Adobe Mini Bridge panel in Photoshop Extended.

3D extrusions with Adobe Repoussé
Create 3D logos and artwork from any text layer, selection, path, or layer mask with Adobe Repoussé technology. Twist, rotate, extrude, bevel, and inflate your designs.

State-of-the-art raw image processing
Use the Adobe Photoshop Camera Raw 6 plug-in to nondestructively remove image noise while preserving color and detail; add grain to make digital photos look more organic; enjoy more control when performing post-crop vignetting; and more.

Enhanced 3D realism and rich materials
Enhance 3D objects and designs with easy shadow creation, image-based lights, and materials like glass and chrome. Explore with different focus points in your 3D scene by adjusting the range for depth of field.

Faster performance across platforms
Speed up day-to-day imaging tasks and process very large images up to 10 times faster by taking advantage of cross-platform 64-bit support. (Requires a 64-bit-capable computer with a 64-bit version of Mac OS, Microsoft Windows 7, or Windows Vista. Actual performance varies depending on amount of RAM, driver types, and other factors.)

Intel Pentium 4 or AMD Athlon 64 processor
•Microsoft Windows XP with Service Pack 3; Windows Vista Home Premium, Business, Ultimate, or Enterprise with Service Pack 1; or Windows 7
•1GB of RAM
•9.1GB of available hard-disk space for installation; additional free space required during installation (cannot install on removable flash-based storage devices)
•1280x800 display (1280x1024 recommended) with qualified hardware-accelerated OpenGL graphics card, 16-bit color, and 256MB of VRAM
•Some GPU-accelerated features require graphics support for Shader Model 3.0 and OpenGL 2.0
•Some features in Adobe Bridge rely on a DirectX 9–capable graphics card with at least 64MB of VRAM
•DVD-ROM drive
•Java Runtime Environment 1.5 or 1.6
•QuickTime 7.6.2 software required for multimedia features
•Adobe Flash Player 10 software required to export SWF files
•Broadband Internet connection required for online services

Download Adobe Photoshop CS5 here: 978MB

Standalone extractor to you with no 7zip/rar on your pC :

Adobe Creative Suite 5 Master Collection

Adobe Design Premium CS5

Adobe Flash Professional CS5

Adobe Dreamweaver CS5

Adobe Premiere Pro CS5

Adobe InDesign CS5

Adobe Illustrator CS5

Adobe After Effects CS5

serial number for Adobe Product
1325-1118-5864-4422-1094-1166 Master collection CS5

1330-1927-7762-6383-0202-0414 Photoshop CS5
1193-1927-7762-6383-0202-0437 Fireworks CS5
1192-1927-7762-6383-0202-0474 Dreamweaver CS5
1132-1127-8739-4724-1356-4304 Encore CS5
1332-1281-2401-7141-7851-9214 Sounbooth CS5
1132-1434-9226-7415-1756-2046 Onlocation CS5
1188-1001-8428-4361-2308-0839 Contribute CS5
1395-4001-8359-3301-6882-0521 Adobe Flash Catalyst CS5
1034-1006-5290-0019-3090-0219 Ilustrator CS5
1037-1000-0448-3419-1984-9230 InDesing CS5
1302-1009-3696-1065-6850-7951 Flash CS5 Pro


jangan lupa kalo udah masukin serialnya langsung ke C:\Windows\System32\drivers\etC
klik kanan file hosts open with notepad terus di line paling bawah tambahin ini, [nggak pake tanda pager yah (#) ]biar gak kena blacklist .

Go to C:\Windows\System32\drivers\etc , right click on file hosts, open with notepad, add this code at last line : activate.adobe.com127.0.0.1 practivate.adobe.com127.0.0.1 ereg.adobe.com127.0.0.1 activate.wip3.adobe.com1330127.0.0.1 wip3.adobe.com127.0.0.1 3dns-3.adobe.com127.0.0.1 3dns-2.adobe.com127.0.0.1 adobe-dns.adobe.com127.0.0.1 adobe-dns-2.adobe.com127.0.0.1 adobe-dns-3.adobe.com127.0.0.1 ereg.wip3.adobe.com127.0.0.1 activate-sea.adobe.com127.0.0.1 wwis-dubc1-vip60.adobe.com127.0.0.1 activate-sjc0.adobe.com127.0.0.1 adobeereg.com127.0.0.1 adobe.activate.com

next, Save. 

kalo gak bisa di save coba hostnya di take ownership

buat bikin take ownershipnya gini:
copy kode dibawah ini ke notepad, lalu save dengan nama takeownership.reg
lalu klik 2x file takeownership.reg yang baru saja di save
abis itu klik kanan di file host terus pilih take ownership.. bisa di save deh.

Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00

@="Take Ownership"

@="cmd.exe /c takeown /f \"%1\" && icacls \"%1\" /grant administrators:F"
"IsolatedCommand"="cmd.exe /c takeown /f \"%1\" && icacls \"%1\" /grant administrators:F"

@="Take Ownership"

@="cmd.exe /c takeown /f \"%1\" /r /d y && icacls \"%1\" /grant administrators:F /t"
"IsolatedCommand"="cmd.exe /c takeown /f \"%1\" /r /d y && icacls \"%1\" /grant administrators:F /t"

Instruction above is for "take ownership". if you failed save the hosts file.
copy the code, and save with takeownership.reg.
double click on the file, and yes if shown the pop up.
next, right click on on file host, choose take ownership, save it.


10 Problems on Windows 7


Before Windows 7 is released, has issued several versions, such as beta and RC versions, until finally ready for the market. But Windows 7 is in fact still a problem despite stepping aside in several stages. Approximately 31% of problems arise when the first Windows 7 was first started in the Install.

1.Problems with installation: 31 percent

2.Missing applets or components: 26 percent

3.Aero theme is not running: 14 percent

4.DVD drive not found (this happens despite the drive being visible in the BIOS and the standard driver is working): 8 percent

5.Hidden extensions (Windows Explorer's default setting in all the versions of Windows is to hide file extensions, as well as system files and folders): 6 percent

6.Too many minidumps (By default Windows 7 keeps the last 50; minidumps are the memory images saved on the system when your PC crashes): 6 percent

7.Aero snap problems (Windows 7 has a handy new ability to move and resize windows, all in one movement, but sometimes it does not work as expected and can become annoying): 3 percent

8.Phone won't sync with Windows 7 (usually with the 64-bit edition, the iPhone sometimes get recognized but then iTunes returns with the error 0xE8000065): 2 percent

9.Custom icons get changed with new theme (When a new Windows 7 theme is applied, custom icons can be lost): 2 percent

10.Taskbar problems (In Windows 7, it's difficult to tell at a glance whether an icon is a running application or a pinned shortcut): 1 percent



Download EASEUS Partition Master 9.10 Home Edition

EaseUS Partition Manager Software

Selamat pagi semua.

Lama tak berjumpa, kali ini saya akan menshare sebuah tools disk management yang sangat powerfull, mudah penggunaanya dan ukurannya kecil.
Pertamanya saya bingung, mau pake linux di komputer sendiri, tapi hard disk belum di partisi. Maka saya pikir, lebih baik saya pake aplikasi partisi saja. Pertama yang saya tahu, cuma partition magic, tapi ternyata ada yang lebih hebat dari Partition Magic, yaitu EASEUS PARTITION MASTER. Selain gratis, firutnya lengkap, penggunaan aplikasinya mudah untuk mempartisi hard disk, mengcloning hard disk dan melakukan disk management DENGAN MUDAH.


Anda bisa mendownloadnya melalui situs resmi Easus Partition dengan gratis. Saya juga tidak akan menyusahkan anda dengan fake URL atau adf.ly yang merepotkan anda.

Sebelum itu saya mau review dulu software ini.

Menurut saya, software ini powerfull. karena selain ukurannya kecil, fitur yang di berikan banyak. Yang lebih saya suka, adalah GRATIS. Walaupun anda bisa mendapatkannya dengan gratis, bukan berarti software ini kacangan. Dengan ukuran hanya 11 Mb saja. Anda akan sangat terbantu sekali dalam melakukan Menejemen Disk di komputer anda atau perusahaan anda.

Cocok di gunakana untuk admin jaringan, teknisi dsb.

Download Easus Partition Master Free Gratis disini :

atau anda bisa langsung pilih ini yang ada di bawah, takutnya anda bingung milih yang mana yang bisa di download. Ini juga ada di situs resmi mereka.

Pilih Home Edition :
Download from Download.com

jadi, silahkan koleksi software yang sangat berguna ini. Terlebih untuk mereka yang ingin melakukan DISK MANAGEMENT di komputer pribadi atau untuk orang lain.
terima kasih. See you next post!


What I'm going to do in the next five years

I've got some business to do in the next five years, even I still on the college, but I always try to doing a buy and selling stuff. Starts to selling something at Kaskus, and now i have my own e-commerce shop. I focus for Gadget stuff to sell. Here is My Facebook Page : http://www.facebook.com/GudangBB. If you are login on facebook, i hope you can visit my store there, and gotta click the like button.

Beside that i build another store at kaskus, here's the link, : Dagangan. I called, "Dagangan" as another name, of.. Market. LOL.

From now, i can imagine, what can i do in the next five years. I love selling & buying stuff. Like Indonesian peoples said, Dagang itu baik. But it's not always focus on selling stuff, i have another skill, in computer engineering. I can design, built networks, manage the system, and etc. include trouble shooting too.

Maybe i have a brilliant future, because  i got lot of talent, (i think). I want to build a virtual store, in internet, buying and selling on eBay or something like that. I don't wanna be a employee of  any company.

I want to be a free person. Doing anything without being a slave :))

Contoh Lamaran Kerja dalam Bahasa Inggris

Surat lamaran ini adalah contoh lamaran kerja dalam bahasa inggris. Dibuat oleh Saya pribadi. Semoga bisa menjadi bahan referensi bagi para pembaca yang ingin melamar kerja menggunakan bahasa inggris.

Bogor, November 2011

U.S Agency for International Development (USAID)/Office of Education (EDU)
Jakarta, Indonesia

Dear Sir/Madam,

I am very interested in the vacancy as Aid Project Development Specialist (Teacher Training) with position code FSN-10 that was advertised in Kompas Daily Paper, Sunday, July 29, 2007  as I work in an educational facility, and feel that such a position would be highly beneficial to the education in Indonesia in general and me personally.

Allow me to introduce myself, I am thirty-two years old, graduate from UNY (Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta), majoring English and now still in the process of completing my postgraduate study for Multidisciplinary Studies. Besides I had completed my study in Foundation for Excellence in Education for 3 years, where I had gained enormous knowledge and experience in the field of being a teacher trainer.   My English is excellent, both written and spoken. I am also familiar with computer and internet.

I started my full time job as a teacher in Madania School, a school with international outlook, in 1999, an English Teacher and am now a Headmaster of Madania Senior High School and a Teacher Trainer. With almost 10 years experience as educator from elementary to senior high school level, I am confident that it would give me an added value to work in the program.

I had attended some educational events (workshop, conference, seminar), national and  international, both as speaker and participant through which I actively contribute to Indonesian Education.

Therefore I have a conviction and confidence that I am competent in giving contribution for Education in Indonesia through becoming a teacher trainer in USAID program.

I hereby enclose my curriculum vitae and a recent photograph for your consideration and evaluation. I trust you will consider my application and grant me the opportunity of an interview.  I am waiting for your reply. Thank you in advance for your attention. To support the information above, you may contact Ibu Angie Siti Anggari, one of consultant of Early Year Education in USAID-MBA Program, who was my former Principal of Madania School in 1999-2005, at 0811242147.


Andri Nurcahyani,S.Pd 


Arrange The Letter.

231 Blackmore street
NewYork , NY 200LL, LA

Ref : DT/NN?12

7 th May 1993

Messrs Johnson Smith & Carlson Ltd
Cambridge Electronic Corporation
16 fifth Avenue Street
Los Angeles , LA

Dear Sirs
We have to remind you that your account for television ordered on 12 february has not yet been paid. Discount cannot be allowed.
You will remember that we went to some troble to meet your delivery date, and we are sure that you would not wish to inconvenience us by delayit your payment.
A copy of the statement is enclosed , and we shall be glad to receive your cheque by return.

Your faithfully

Cambrideg electronic Corporation

Jonathan R Smith


Full Block Style Letter

Full Block Style

Straight shape Fully (Full Block Style) is a form letter in which the neck Letters, Letter Body, and Legs Letters do not form a paragraph but to form a full block from left to right. However, the composition or structure of the letter remains valid in the letter. In typing this letter usually starts from the left edge of the wedge line. Parts of the letter of Shape Straight Full (Full Block Style):

  1. Letterhead
  2. The date of the letter
  3. Letter No.
  4. Attachment
  5. Concerning
  6. The letter is aimed at
  7. A word of salutation
  8. Body of the text
  9. Introduction letter
  10. Explanation of the contents of the letter
  11. Closing the letter
  12. Closing Greetings
  13. Name of office
  14. Signature
  15. Who signed the name
  16. Carbon copy
  17. Page appendix letter / Initials
Example : 

2185 Sunlight Avenue
New Jersey, Oklahoma K2G 1V8
October 12, 2011
Joseph Hugain,  Human Resources Manager
Global Market Incorporated
12 Lucky Avenue
Brooklyn, New York M5W 1E5
Dear Mr. Joseph:
This is semi-block letter format.
It too begins with the sender’s address, the date, the receiver’s name and address, and then the opening salutation. The difference between full-block and semi block is easy:

  • In full-block format, nothing is indented.
  • In semi-block format, the sender’s address, date and closing salutation are indented.
  • In semi-block format, it is also permissible to indent the paragraphs, but it is not necessary to do so.
If you have questions about this format, please email me.

Issa Dhariansyah R
Issa Dhariansyah


7 Little Tricks To Speak In Public

 There was once a time when I had no fear. I was 11 years old and I entered a story telling competition. I was confidently telling the story and captured everyone’s attention until suddenly I heard a voice from just in front of the stage commenting about my nose. It’s totally disastrous from that moment on. I lost focus and forgot the script altogether. That’s the exact time that I began to have a certain fear of public speaking.

Over the years, I finally overcome my fear of public speaking. I can now speak at any function unprepared and even though the nervousness is still there, I am able to control it. It was not easy but I made it with some help from books and a few techniques I develop myself.
Hopefully these tricks will be able to help you as they had helped me in overcoming fear of public speaking.

1) Admit nervousness
All you have to do is admit that you are a bit nervous speaking to your audience. When you do this, the audience will be more forgiving if your nervousness shows up later on. More importantly you will feel more relaxed now that they are not expecting a world-class presentation. Imagine their surprise when you gave them the best presentation ever despite your nervousness.
The best way to do this is by joking about it. Here’s an example of a good one. “On the way here, only God and I knew what I will be presenting. (looking a bit nervous) Now, only God knows.”
2) Redefine your audience
Redefine your audience generally means changing how you see your audience. Instead of seeing them as lecturers who are evaluating you, maybe you can convince yourself that they are all fellow students who are in queue to present after you. They are all equally nervous so there is no reason why you should be too.
Or perceive them as long lost friends that you haven’t seen for 10 years. This way you can maintain eye contact trying to figure out where you have seen him before. To the audiences, they will see a very friendly and personal presentation.
Do not try to convince yourself that they are babies in diapers or that nobody is around as suggested by some books. It is very hard to convince yourself that no one is around when you are actually speaking to them.
3) Invest in visual aids
Imagine a presentation with beautiful PowerPoint slides and even more impressive notes given to each of your audience members. Half of the time, their eyes will not be on you. They will read through the notes and your fancy slides. This will help a lot as you can then speak to the people who are not looking at you. When they look at you, you just change your focus to other people who are not looking. Giving a speech to people who are not looking at you is always easier.
4) Make mistakes intentionally
This is another trick I encourage you to try. Once I “accidentally” dropped my notes on the floor, and while picking them up, I warned the audiences that the presentation will be more confusing after this. I heard some laughter from the floor.
The idea is to gain control of your audience. If you can make them laugh and be more interactive with you, your presentation will have that casual feel to it which will make it more memorable than others. Ultimately you will find it easier to do.
5) Speak to one person at a time
One of the most terrifying things about public speaking is the crowd. Just by looking at the crowd, all in silence just to hear you speak, will send shivers down your spine. To overcome this, you just need to speak to one person at a time.
Choose one member of your audience and dedicate your whole presentation to him or her. Just assume that everyone else is not paying attention. When someone asks you a question, change your focus to that person and answer the question as if the two of you are in a coffee shop chatting away. Isn’t that the most relaxing way to handle a crowd?
6) Be impressive with personal opinion
Just like blogging, everyone can copy an article and paste it onto their blog. However, people read blogs not only to know about things happening but to know what that particular blogger’s opinion is on the matter.
When you speak or give a presentation, try to squeeze in a few of your personal thoughts on the matter. Of course these should be prepared early on. However, you should make it as if the ideas are “just in” while you are presenting. That will differentiate your presentation from the rest, and when you see the interested look on the faces of your audience, it will elevate your presentation to another new level, a level where you start having fun.
7) Have fun experimenting
This is the most important tips of all. Have fun with the crowd. Try new ways to give the best presentation to your audience. Maybe experiment with a new funny approach, or walk around the hall instead of being static on the stage. Have fun with experimenting on human behavior and you will see that public speaking is not that bad after all.
Remember that there are no failures, only different results.
Have fun!

Source. Link.


Tata cara menulis Daftar Pustaka

Daftar pustaka memuat semua sumber kutipan yang berupa pustaka. Pustaka yang dimaksud dalam pedoman ini ialah semua sumber kutipan yang berupa tulisan, gambar dan sejenisnya yang tersimpan dalam perpustakaan. Penulisan perpustakaan harus dengan jelas menunjukan suatu pustaka dari pustaka lainnya, sehingga mudah ditelusuri. Daftar pustaka memuat informasi tentang identitas pustaka acuan dengan lengkap dan jelas. Ada perbedaan dalam penulisan yang terletak pada bagian akhir dengan penulisan sumber kutipan yang terletak pada bagian utama karya ilmiah. Daftar pustaka memuat informasi yang lebih lengkap tentang pustaka yang diacu daripada sumber kutipan pustaka atau innote. Dalam daftar pustaka dicantumkan semua sumber yang dijadikan acuan atau landasan penyusunan karya ilmiah.

Semua pustaka acuan yang dicantumkan dalam daftar pustaka disusun menurut abjad nama-nama pengarang atau lembaga yang bertanggungjawab. Daftar pustaka tidak diberi nomor urut. Apabila informasi identitas sebuah pustaka yang diacu lebih dari satu baris, penulisan baris kedua dan seterusnya masuk lima ketukan dan berjarak 1 (satu) spasi, sedangkan jarak antara pustaka yang satu dengan pustaka yang berikutnya adalah 1,5 (satu setengah) spasi. Jika nama pengarang dan nama lembaga yang bertanggungjawab tidak ada, yang ditulis dalam daftar pustaka adalah judul pustaka tersebut. Jika pustaka semacam yang telah disebutkan lebih dari satu, pencantumannya tetap menurut abjad. Urutan penyebutan unsur-unsur pustaka acuan adalah dengan cara sebagai berikut :

A. Pustaka acuan berupa buku.

Untuk urutan penyebutan unsur-unsur pustaka untuk buku ialah : a). Nama penulis, b) Tahun terbit, c). Judul Pustaka beserta keterangannya, d). Tempat terbit atau kota terbit, dan e). Nama penerbit.

Jika tidak terdapat nama penulis  dalam buku tersebut urutan penyebutan adalah : a). Nama lembaga yang bertanggungjwab b). Tahun terbit, c). Judul pustaka beserta keterangnnya, d) tempat terbit, dan e). Nama penerbit.

Setiap unsur pustaka dipisahkan oleh tanda titik, kecuali unsur tempat terbit yang diikuti oleh titk dua dan unsur nama yang harus dipisahkan oleh tanda koma. setelah tanda titik atau setelah titik dua ada jarak satu ketukan. contoh penulisan unsur pustaka acuan yang berupa buku diatur sebagai berikut :

a. Nama penulis
Nama penulis ada yang terdiri dari satu unsur, dua unsur, atau lebih dari dua unsur. Ketentuan pencantuman nama penulis adalah sebagai berikut :

1). Pencantuman nama penulis berdasarkan abjad, tanpa diberi nomor. Misalnya, jika nama penulis buku yang pertama Prof. Dr. Sumardjono dan nama penulis buku yang lain Dr.Ir. Baihaki, pencantuman dalam daftar pustaka adalah :

2). Jika nama penulis buku terdiri atas dua unsur atau lebih, pencatumannya harus dibalik; unsur nama yang terakhir ditulis terlebih dahulu, kemudian tanda koma, diikuti unur nama didepan dengan disingkat. antara tanda koma dengan singkatan unsur nama diberik jarak 1 (satu) ketukan. Misalnya, pengarang buku yang diacu Abdul Haki dan pengarang buku lainnya Teodorus Albert Wenas, pencantumannya dalam daftar pustaka adalah :
                   Haki, A
                   Wenas T.A.

3).Jika penulis buku tersebut dua orang, nama penulis pertama dibalik, tetapi nama penulis lainnya tidak dibalik. Misalnya, jika penulis buku itu adalah Kabul Santoso dan Rudi Wibowo, penyajiannya adalah:
                   Santoso, K dan R. Wibowo.

4). Jika penulis buku terdiri dari tiga orang atau lebih, penyajiannya adalah nama penulis pertama dibalik, nama pengarang kedua, ketiga dan seterusnya ditulis tanpa dibalik. misalnya :
                 Idris, Z.husin; A. Tohari dan M. Singarimbun.

5). Jika penulisnya tidak ada, yang pertama dicantumkan adalah nama lembaga yang menerbitkan buku tersebut. misalnya :
                 Lembaga Administrasi Negara.

6). Jika ada dua buku atau lebih yang diambil dari pengarang yang sama, penulisan nama pengarang cukup sekali, sedangkan pada buku yang kedua nama pengarang diganti dengan garis terputus-putus sepuluh ketuk mesin ketik yang diikuti tanda titik. Misalnya :
                Farida, Ida. 1995. Budidaya Lebah Madu. Jakarta: Gramedia.
                ......... 1996. Budidaya Tanaman Kedelai. Jakarta: Gramedia

7). Kalau buku yang diacu disusun oleh seorang editor, dibelakakng nama pengarang ditulis kata Ed. Misalnya :
               Koentjaraningrat (Ed)

8). gelar kesarjanaan tidak dituliskan dalam daftar pustaka. gelar keturunan masih dapat dipakai. mislanya, nama pengarang adalah Prof.Dr. Raden Mas Soegondo, penulis nama daftar pustaka adlaah :
               Soegondo, Raden Mas.

b. Tahun terbit.

1). Tahun terbit ditulis setelah nama pengarang, dipisahkan oleh titik dan diakhiri dengan titik. Misalnya :
               Syahrani, Ridwan. 1990.

2). kalau dua buku ditulis oleh seorang pengarang, penyusunan urutannya berdasarkan tahun terbit yang terdahulu, misalnya :
            Sutiana, Dadi. 1986.
             ........... 1989

3). Kalau dua buku yang diacu ditulis oleh seorang pengarang dalam tahun yang sama, dibelakang tahun itu harus dibutuhkan huruf a dan b sebagai pembeda. misalnya :
           Muhammad, Suhedi. 1980a.

4). Jika buku yang diacu tidak berangka tahun, dibelakang nama pengarang diberi keterangan tanpa tahun. mislanya :
            Yusrial (tanpa tahun)

c. Judul buku
Judul buku ditulis sesudah tahun terbit dan diberi garis bawah atau cetak miring. Setiap huruf awal kata, kecuali kata tugas, ditulis dengan huruf kapital. misalnya :
             Kridalaksana, Harimurti. 1990. Kata Tugas dalam Bahasa Indonesia
              Kridalaksana, harimurti. 1990.Kata Tugas dalam Bahasa Indonesia

d. Tempat terbit 
Tempat terbit atau kota terbit diletakan sesudah judul dan diakhiri dengan titik dua. Misalnya :
Suhono, Budi. 1986. Ular-Ular berbisa di Jawa. Jakarta:

e. Nama penerbit.

1). Nama penerbit dicantumkan sesudah nama terbit. Misalnya :

Suhono, Budi. 1986.Ular-Ular berbisa di Jawa. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Umum

2). Jika lembaga peenrbitan buku itu langsung dijadikan pennganti nama pengarang karena nama pengarang tidak ada, nama peenrbit tidak disebutkan lagi sesudah nama tempat terbit. Misalnya :

Panitia Istilah Manajemen Lembaga PPM. 1990. Himpunan Istilah Manajemen.Jakarta.

3). Jika pustaka acuan belum diterbitkan, misalnya disertasi dan makalah setelah pencantuman judul diberi ketreangan makalah (belum diterbitkan). Misalnya :

Mulyono, Rakhmad. 1987. Peranan Departemen Pekerjaan Umum dalam Pembangunan Nasional. Makalah (belum diterbitkan) pada seminar (lokakarya)

B. Pustaka acuan berupa ontologi.

a. Jika sumber acuan berupa ontologi dan yang diacu bukan tulisan editor, urutan penulisannya adalah nma pengarang, tahun terbit, judul tulisan, yang diacu diberi tanda petik, judul ontologi diberi garis bawah atau cetak miring, tempat terbit dan nama penerbit. Setelah pencantuman judul tulisan diberi kata Dalam. Misalnya :
Junus, U. 1986. "Kebudayaan Minangkabau". Dalam Koenjaraningrat (Ed.).Manusia dan kebudayaan di Indonesia. Jakarta : Djambatan.

b. Jika yang diacu adalah tulisan editor, urutan penulisannya adalah nama pengarang, tahun terbit, judul ontologi diberi garis bawah atau dicetak miring, tempat terbit dan nama penerbit. Misalnya :
Koenjaraningrat (Ed.). 1986. Manusia dan Kebudayaan di Indonesia. Jakarat : Djambatan.

C. Pustaka acuan berupa majlah atau jurnal.
Sumber acuan yang diambil dari majalah dan jurnal urutan penulisannya dalam daftar pustaka adalah nama pengarang, tahun terbit judul artikel diberi tanda petik, nama majalah dicetak miring atau diberi garis bawah dan keterangannya serta didahului kata Dalam, bulan terbit, tahun penerbitannya yang keberapa, tempat terbit dan nomor halaman. Misalnya :
Gadalla, B.J. 1981. "Professional Record for ESL Learners" Dalam Forum. (April, XIX). N0. 2 Jakarta : The Embassy of the United States of America p. 34-48.

D. Pustaka acuan berupa media masa/majalah/surat kabar.
jika sumber acuan diambil dari artikel dalam surat kabar ata media masa, urutan pencantumannya dalam daftar pustaka adalah nama pengarang, tahun terbit, judul artikel diberi tanda petik, nama surat kabar/majalah dicetak miring atau digaris garis bawah dan didahuui kata Dalam, tanggal terbit, tempat terbit dan halaman pemuatan artikel. Misalnya :
Simanungkalit, T. 1987. "Demokrasi Kita Masih Belajar di Tingkat Dua". DalamPrioritas. 4 mei. Jakarta : halaman 4-5.

E. Pustaka acuan berupa terjemahan
Bila sumber aacuan merupakan karya terjemahan penulisannya sebagai berikut :
Martienez, A. 1987. Ilmu Bahasa : Pengantar. Terjemahan rahayu Hidayat dariElemen de Lingusitique General (1980). Yogyakarta : penerbit kanisius.

Semua dokumen yang dikutif dalam laporan penelitian (dipublikasikan atau tidak) serta penelitian lainnya harus ditulis pada bagain akhir laporan yaitu daftar pustaka. penulisan dfatar pustaka harus mengkuti standarisasi baku dan cukup rinci sehingga pembaca dapat dengan mudah mencari sumber asli dari kutipan yang ada pada laporan riset tersebut. daftar pustaka perlu dibuat berurutan mengikuti urutan alfabetis berdasarkan abjad nama pengarang buku, artikel ilmiah, laporan riset ataupun artikel lainnya. dalam urutan abjad itu, buku yang dicetak menduudki kelompok pertama, kemudian jurnal menduduki urutan kedua sedang ketiga adalah kelompok pustaka yang tidak diterbitkan (skripsi, tesis, disertasi masuk dalam kelompok ini).
Sumber :
Turbian, K. 1973. A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses and Dissertations. 4th. Ed. The University of Chicago Press. Chicago.

Jenis jenis Kutipan dan Teknik Mengutip

a. Kutipan langsung 
Kutipan langsung adalah mengutip sesuai dengan sumber aslinya, artinya kalimat-kalimat tidak ada yang diubah

Contoh kutipan Langsung

Argumentasi adalah suatu bentuk retorika yang berusaha untuk mempengaruhi sikap dan pendapat orang lain, agar mereka itu percaya dan akhirnya bertindak sesuai dengan apa yang diinginkan oleh penulis atau pembicara (Keraf, 1983: 3). ( Contoh kutipan Langsung 1# )
Menurut Gorys Keraf dalam bukunya Argumentasi dan Narasi (1983:3), argumentasi adalah suatu bentuk retorika yang berusaha untuk mempengaruhi sikap dan pendapat orang lain, agar mereka itu percaya dan akhirnya bertindak sesuai dengan apa yang diinginkan oleh penulis atau pembicara. ( Contoh kutipan Langsung 2# )
Argumentasi adalah suatu bentuk retorika yang berusaha untuk mempengaruhi sikap dan pendapat orang lain, agar mereka itu percaya dan akhirnya bertindak sesuai dengan apa yang diinginkan oleh penulis atau pembicara 1 ( Contoh kutipan Langsung 3# )

b. Kutipan tidak langsung
Kutipan tidak langsung adalah jika mengutip dengan cara meringkas kalimat dari sumber aslinya, namun tidak menghilangkan gagasan asli dari sumber tersebut. 

Contoh kutipan Tidak Langsung

Seperti dikatakan oleh Gorys Keraf (1983:3) bahwa argumentasi pada dasarnya tulisan yang bertujuan mempengaruhi keyakinan pembaca agar yakin akan pendapat penulis bahkan mau melakukan apa yang dikatakan penulis. ( Contoh kutipan Tidak Langsung 1# )
Argumentasi pada dasarnya tulisan yang bertujuan mempengaruhi keyakinan pembaca agar yakin akan pendapat penulis bahkan mau melakukan apa yang dikatakan penulis (Keraf, 1983:3). ( Contoh kutipan Tidak Langsung 2# )
Argumentasi pada dasarnya tulisan yang bertujuan mempengaruhi keyakinan pembaca agar yakin akan pendapat penulis bahkan mau melakukan apa yang dikatakan penulis1). ( Contoh kutipan  TidakLangsung 3# )

Seperti halnya penulisan data, penulisan kutipan (referensi) ini juga harus menyebutkan sumber kutipan tersebut. Seperti contoh di atas menyebutkan bahwa sumber diambil dari buku karangan Gorys Keraf, yang terbit pada tahun 1983, dan sumber tersebut terdapat di halaman 3. Informasi mengenai penerbit dan judul buku dapat dilihat di Daftar Pustaka atau Bibliografi. Pada contoh terakhir hanya ditulis angka 1, menyatakan bahwa keterangan sumber dicantumkan di bawah halaman yang disebut dengan catatan kaki.

Teknik Mengutip

1. Kutipan langsung
1) yang tidak lebih dari empat baris :
a) kutipan diintegrasikan dengan teks
b) jarak antar baris kutipan dua spasi
c) kutipan diapit dengan tanda kutip
d) sudah kutipan selesai, langsung di belakang yang dikutip dalam tanda kurung ditulis sumber darimana kutipan itu diambil, dengan menulis nama singkat atau nama keluarga pengarang, tahun terbit, dan nomor halaman tempat kutipan itu diambil.

2) yang lebih dari empat baris :
a) kutipan dipisahkan dari teks sejarak tiga spasi
b) jarak antar kutipan satu spasi
c) kutipan dimasukkan 5-7 ketukan, sesuai dengan alinea teks pengarang atau pengutip. Bila kutipan dimulai dengan alinea baru, maka baris pertama kutipan dimasukkan lagi 5-7 ketukan.
d) kutipan diapit oleh tanda kutip atau diapit tanda kutip.
e) di belakang kutipan diberi sumber kutipan (seperti pada 1)

2. Kutipan tak langsung
1) kutipan diintegrasikan dengan teks
2) jarak antar baris kutipan spasi rangkap
3) kutipan tidak diapit tanda kutip
4) sesudah selesai diberi sumber kutipan

3. Kutipan pada catatan kaki
Kutipan selalu ditempatkan pada spasi rapat, meskipun kutipan itu singkat saja. Kutipan diberi tanda kutip, dikutip seperti dalam teks asli.

4. Kutipan atas ucapan lisan

Kutipan harus dilegalisir dulu oleh pembicara atau sekretarisnya (bila pembicara seorang pejabat). Dapat dimasukkan ke dalam teks sebagai kutipan langsung atau kutipan tidak langsung.

5. Kutipan dalam kutipan

Kadang-kadang terjadi bahwa dalam kutipan terdapat lagi kutipan.

Dalam hal ini dapat ditempuh dua cara :
1) bila kutipan asli tidak memakai tanda kutip, kutipan dalam kutipan dapat mempergunakan tanda kutip tungggal atau tanda kutip ganda.
2) bila kutipan asli memakai tanda kutip, kutipan dalam kutipan mempergunakan tanda kutip ganda. Sebaliknya bila kutipan asli memakai tanda kutip ganda, kutipan dalam kutipan memakai tanda kutip tunggal.

f. Kutipan langsung dalam materi
Kutipan langsung dimulai dengan materi kutipan hinggga perhentian terdekat, (dapat berupa koma, titik koma, atau titik) disusul dengan sisipan penjelas siapa yang berbicara.
Contoh :
“Jelas,” kata Prof. Haryati, ”kosa kata bahasa Indonesia banyak mengambil dari kosa kata bahasa Sansekerta.”

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